Most Honorable Maitre Artist World Laureate Afewerk
Tekle (born 22 October 1932) is one of Ethiopia's most celebrated
artists, particularly known for his paintings on African and Christian
themes as well as his stained glass.
Born in Ankober to his parents Woyzero Feleketch
Yamatawork and Ato Tekle Mano, Afewerk grew up in a war torn country
largely occupied by Italian fascist during the Second World War.
Following the war, in 1947, Afewerk decided that he wanted to help
rebuild Ethiopia and elected to travel to England to study mining
engineering. Before departing, Afewerk, together with other students
leaving to study overseas, was addressed by Emperor Haile Selassie.
Afewerk recalls being told "you must work hard, and when you
come back do not tell us what tall buildings you saw in Europe,
or what wide streets they have, but make sure you return equipped
with the skills and the mindset to rebuild Ethiopia".
Afewerk had already shown talent as an artist as
a child, decorating several walls in his home town. Whilst at boarding
school in England, this talent was recognised and encouraged by
his teachers. As a result, Afewerk was persuaded to switch from
engineering and enroll in Central School of Arts and Crafts in London.
He then went on to become the first African student to enter the
Slade School of Art where he studied painting, sculpture and architecture.
Returning to Ethiopia as a university graduate,
Afewerk could have accepted an assigned ministerial post, but instead
decided to spend time travelling around the provinces of Ethiopia
to get more experience of his native country and culture, which
he reflected in his paintings. In 1954 he held his first one man
show in Addis Ababa, that gave him the funds to travel around Europe
for two years where he learnt how to design and construct stained
glass windows. He also made a special study Ethiopian illustrated
manuscripts in the British Library, the Bibliotheque Nationale in
Paris and the Vatican Library.
Back in Ethiopia, Afewerk opened a studio in the
National Library of Ethiopia. His growing recognition lead to government
commissions for murals and mosaics in St. George's Cathedral, Addis
Ababa, and several of his designs were used on the national stamps.
He was also commisioned to produce sculptures of famous Ethiopians,
although on the monumental statue of Ras Makonnen in Harrar was
completed. Most notably, in 1958 he designed the stained glass windows
in the Africa Hall of the United Nations Economic Commission for
Africa in Addis Ababa. The three windows cover an area of 150 square
meters, and represent the sorrow of Africa's past, the struggle
of the present, and hope for Africa's future.
In 1961 Afewerk held a major retrospective in Addis
Ababa, which led to his painting Maskal Flower being shown at international
exhibitions in Russia, the United States and Senegal. Increasing
funds allowed Afewerk to travel around the continent of Africa.
With much of Africa still emerging from colonialism, Afewerk became
fired with black emancipation and the struggles for independence.
This is reflected in his paintings of this time, with titles like
Backbones of African Civilization and African Unity.
In 1964 he became the first laureate of the Haile
Sillassie I Prize for Fine Arts. As his reputation spread abroad,
Afewerk was invited to put on an exhibition in Moscow following
which he toured the Soviet Union giving lectures. The American government
responded with an invitation for one man exhibitions in Washington
and New York and a similar lecture tour of American universities.
Additional international exhibitions followed in Senegal, Turkey,
Zaire, the United Arab Republic, Bulgaria, Munich, Kenya and Algeria.
Through much of the 1970s Afewerk was engaged in
producting murals and mosaics for many public and religious buildings
around Ethiopia, including the murual Last Judgement in the Adigat
Cathedral in Tigrai. In 1977, his painting Unity Triptych won the
gold medal in the Algiers International Festival.
The early 1980s saw a second major exhibition in
Moscow and an exhibition in Bonn In 1981, his painting Self-portrait
was the first work by an African artist to enter the permanent collection
of the Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy.
In 1997 he exhibited at the Biennale of Acquitaine,
France, winning first prize in the international competition. He
was also nominated the Laureate of the Biennale which gave him membership
of the French International Academy of Arts.
Today Afewerk continues to live and work in Addis
Ababa, in his self designed 22 room 'Villa Alpha'.