Ilya Yefimovich Repin

lyaa Yefiamovich Reapin (August 5, 1844 (Julian calendar: July 24) – September 29, 1930) was a leading Russian painter and sculptor of the Peredvizhniki artistic school. His realistic works often express scathing criticism of existing social order.

Repin was born in Chuguev near Kharkiv (Ukraine). His father was a military officer. In 1866 he went to Saint Petersburg and was admitted to the Imperial Academy of Arts as a student. Repin sojourned in Italy and Paris on the Academy's allowance from 1873 to 1876. He painted a large number of peasants, fishwomen and scenes from merchant life.

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Ilya Yefimovich RepinRepin joined the Association of Peredvizhniki Artists in 1878. From 1882 he lived in Saint Petersburg but made frequent tours abroad. Inspired by Rembrandt's portraits of old people, he painted many of his celebrated compatriots, including Leo Tolstoy, Mendeleyev, Pobedonostsev, and Mussorgsky. In 1903 he was commissioned by the Russian government to paint his most grandiose design, a 400 x 877 cm canvas representing a ceremonial session of the State Council.

The Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mehmed IV of Turkey (1880-91)After 1917 October Revolution, his home Penaty, located to the north from Saint Petersburg, was incorporated into Finland. He was invited by Lenin to come back to Russia but was too old to make a journey. He died in Kuokkala, Finland (now Repino, Leningrad Oblast) in 1930.

Repin's most famous paintings are Ivan the Terrible killing his son (1885), The boat trackers on the Volga River (1870-73), and The Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan of Turkey (1880-91).