Jozef Marian Chelmonski
Jozef Marian Chelmonski (1849–1905) was a Polish
Chelmonski was born on November 7, 1849 in the Boczki village near
Lowicz in central Poland. His first teacher of drawing was his father
(a small leaseholder and administrator of Boczki village). After
finishing high school in Warsaw, he was studying in Warsaw Drawing
Class (1867–1871) and taking private lessons from Wojciech
Gerson. From 1871 to 1874 Chelmonski lived in Munich. He cooperated
with Polish painters assembled around Jozef Brandt and Maksymilian
Gierymski. He also had studied for a few months at the Academy of
H. Anschutz and A. Strahuber. In 1872 and 1874 Chelmonski visited
Polish territories (Poland as a country did not exist then), Tatra
Mountains and Ukraine.
"Babie lato", oil on canvas, 1875, National Museum in
Warsaw .First paintings of Chelmonski arose under the influence
of Gerson. Following works presented landscapes and villages. In
1875 Chelmonski came to Paris, where he had many important exhibitions.
Thanks to them Chelmonski gain publicity and had become famous.
Since he had many orders, the artistic level of his paintings decreased.
From 1878 to 1887 Chelmonski had been traveling. He visited Poland,
Vienna and Venice. In 1887 he returned to Poland and in 1889 settled
in Kuklowka village. Contact with homeland and nature revealed quality
of his artworks. From that time are the most beautiful of Chelmonski's
paintings like: Partridge on the snow, The storks or Before thunderstorm.
Chelmonski represented the trend in art called Polish Patriotic
Painting. He died in Kuklowka near Grodzisk Mazowiecki in 1905.