Marc Chagall (July 7, 1887 – March 28, 1985) was a Jewish
Belarusian painter. Among the celebrated painters of the 20th century,
he is often associated with the Surrealist movement.
Art of Chagall
Closely associated with the Surrealist movement, Chagall's imaginative
works reflect the resonance of fantasy and dreams. He experimented
with numerous techniques: gouache, watercolors, pastels, ink, collage,
engraving, and lithography. Chagall took inspiration from Russian
folk-art and folk-life, and portrayed many Biblical themes reflecting
his Jewish heritage. In the 1960s and 1970s, Chagall involved himself
in large-scale projects involving public spaces and important civic
and religious buildings.
Chagall's works fit into several modern art categories. He took
part in the movements of the Paris art world which preceded World
War I and was thus involved with avant-garde currents. However,
his work always found itself on the margins of these movements and
emerging trends, including Cubism and Fauvism. He was closely associated
with the Paris School and its expoenents, including Amedeo Modigliani.
His works abound with references to his childhood, yet often neglect
some of the turmoil which he experienced. He communicates to those
who view his works happiness and optimism by means of highly vivid
colors. Chagall often posed himself, sometimes together with his
wife, as an observer of the world — a colored world like that
seen through a stained-glass window. Some see The White Crucifixion,
which abounds in rich, intriguing detail, as a denunciation of the
Stalin regime, the Nazi Holocaust, and all oppression of the Jews.