Pop art was an artistic movement that emerged in the late 1950s
in England and the United States. Characterized by themes and techniques
drawn from mass culture, such as advertising and comic books, Pop
Art is widely interpreted as a reaction to the then-dominant ideas
of abstract expressionism. Pop art, like pop music, aimed to incorporate
popular as opposed to elitist culture into art, and targeted a broad
The term was coined in 1958 by British critic Laurence Alloway
(in response to works by Richard Hamilton, among others) and a "pop"
movement was widely recognized by the mid-1960s. In the meantime,
the movement was sometimes called Neo-Dada, a name which reveals
some of the thinking behind this type of art, and the strong influence
of dada pioneer Marcel Duchamp on such seminal pop figures as Hamilton,
Jasper Johns, and Andy Warhol.
Notable Pop artists