Naive art is created by untrained artists. It is characterized
by simplicity and a lack of the elements or qualities found in
the art of formally trained artists.
The term naive art presumes the existence (by contrast) of
an academy and of a generally accepted educated manner of art creation,
most often painting. In practice, however, there are schools of
naive artists. Over time it has become an acceptable style.
The characteristics of naive art are an awkward relationship
to the formal qualities of painting; for example, difficulties with
drawing and perspective that result in a charmingly awkward and
often refreshing vision; strong use of pattern, unrefined colour,
and simplicity rather than subtlety are all supposed markers of
naive art. It has become such a popular and recognisable style that
many example could be called pseudo-naive.
Primitive art is another term often applied to the art of those
without formal training. This is distinguished from the self-conscious
movement primitivism. Another term related to, but not completely
synonymous with, naive art, is folk art.
Ilija Bašicevic Bosilj