THE ASTRONOMER:
This oil on canvas was a finished painting by Dutch artist Johannes Vermeer. The painting depicts the astronomer’s profession and the book on the table. Symbolically, the volume is open to Book III, a section advising the astronomer to seek "inspiration from God" and the painting on the wall shows the Finding of Moses—Moses may represent knowledge and science.

the astronomer

THE ASTRONOMER

After the death of Alphonse James de Rothschild, his son Édouard Alphonse James de Rothschild collected the painting from Paris art dealer  Léon Gauchez

ABOUT THE AUTHOR:
http://www.reviewpainting.com/Jean-Leon-Gerome.htm